Winter Birding Lone Star State

The Best December Birding Hotspots in Texas

With Christmas Bird Counts upon us and winter birding finally in full swing, December is exploding with fantastic birding opportunities. Doubly so for those willing to do some driving and traveling, especially to one of our national wildlife refuges.

The Top December Hotspots in the state include:

1. Estero Llano Grande State Park
2. Aransas National Wildlife Refuge
3. Hagerman National Wildlife Refuge
4. Laguna Atascosa National Wildlife Refuge
5. San Bernard National Wildlife Refuge
6. Mitchell Lake Audubon Center
7. Balmorhea Lake

Honorable Mentions:
Anahuac NWR
Brazoria NWR
Granger Lake Area
Hornsby Bend Bird Observatory
Choke Canyon State Park

Here’s what’s happening in Texas in December:
Birds that are considered “winter species” by Texans are here. Ducks, grebes, and loons both inland and on the coast. Raptors seem to be everywhere, often including eagles and falcons.
Refresh your sparrow ID skills, because sparrows are popping up everywhere you go! In some areas of the state it’s possible to get 15+ species in one day.
Coastal areas host large numbers of wintering shorebirds, plus occasional lingering migrants like warblers.
Christmas Bird Counts. This is what Texas birders eagerly await all year long, and they’re finally here.

Coastal areas are always promising this time of year, but inland bodies of water can be just as fun. If you can position yourself near water with a good grassland area and woodland within driving distance, you’re almost guaranteed a great species list by the time you call it a day.

Estero Llano Grande State Park

Photo Credit: Texas Parks & Wildlife

Estero packs a punch in a relatively small space. In the 2-3 hours it takes to bird this whole park, you’ll:

1. Cross a boardwalk over wetlands,
2. Walk through south Texas thorn-scrub,
3. Bird the edge of Llano Grande Lake, and 
4. Explore dense woodland, a precious and uncommon habitat near the Rio Grande.

“Diversity” is a pretty good word to describe this state park, and the good news is you really don’t have to work very hard for it. Although most birds won’t be seen in any impressive numbers here, you can expect to walk away with a great species list.

Some species you can hope to see here include the following:
Fulvous Whistling Duck
Cinnamon Teal
Tropical Parula
White-tailed Hawk
Ringed Kingfisher
Sedge Wren
Hooded Merganser
Bronzed Cowbird
Hooded Oriole
Altamira Oriole
Clay-colored Thrush
White-tailed Kite
Buff-bellied Hummingbird
Plain Chachalaca

Entrance is $5 per adult. The office opens at 8am and closes at 5pm, but you can access the park during any daylight hours.

Aransas National Wildlife Refuge

Photo Credit: David Brossard

Welcome to the winter home of the Whooping Crane, one of North America’s largest and most critically endangered birds. These cranes, along with hundreds of ducks, shorebirds, and marsh loving species can be found in a half day of birding.

The Texas coast during the winter is always great for raptors. Expect plenty of hawks, plus a few falcon species. Lingering or wintering warbler species can also be found in stands of oak trees.

Aransas is large enough that you’ll need at least a few hours for your first visit, probably 2.5 hours at a minimum. Four hours is more ideal. If you have the time and desire, dedicating a full day to birding here certainly wouldn’t be crazy.

The highlights of Aransas NWR include the following:

1. An auto loop that makes birding by car possible, and makes most of the refuge easy to access.
2. A 40 foot high observation tower overlooking the bay. Whooping Cranes are often visible from here.
3. Stands of large Live Oak trees. Good for woodland passerines.
4. Hundreds of geese, ducks, and shorebirds on both marshy waters and the gulf water along the coastline.

A spotting scope isn’t necessary to have a great time here, but will greatly enhance your experience. Consider borrowing or renting a scope for this trip if you don’t own one. Once you start getting killer looks at floating ducks, perched raptors, and feeding cranes, you’ll be glad you did!

A few must-see spots include:
-the area immediately surrounding the visitor center. Will take a few minutes to walk.
-the fishing pier off the main auto loop (to scan the gulf waters)
-the oak mots. There’s plenty large groups and areas of trees to choose from.
-the pier at Jones Lake-the observation tower-anywhere you can scan open water or nearby coastline

The visitor center is open daily 8am to 4pm. But the refuge itself opens a half hour before sunrise and closes shortly after sunset, so arrive whenever you’d like.

Four hours of birding should yield 60+ species, with 70 possible on a favorable weather day.

Potential target species include:
Whooping Crane
Common Loon
Red-breasted Merganser
Horned Grebe
Long-billed Curlew
Black-bellied Plover
Anhinga
Reddish Egret
Bald Eagle

Hagerman National Wildlife Refuge

Hagerman is the only hotspot in the northern half of the state to make this list. It’s famous for its white geese (Snow and Ross’s) that fly in by the thousands and feed on the open fields.

Add in the Bald Eagles, hundreds to thousands of ducks, abundant woodland species with seven species of woodpecker, and you’ve got yourself a birding bonanza!

BirdingLocations has a full written birding guide, with photos, for this wildlife refuge. If you have an interest in Hagermann, check it out for everything you need to know to have a great time here.

Potential target species include:
Snow Goose
Ross’s Goose
Bonaparte’s Gull
Bald Eagle
Red-headed Woodpecker
Hairy Woodpecker
White-breasted Nuthatch
Winter Wren
Brown Thrasher
Purple Finch
Fox Sparrow
Eastern Towhee

Expect around 50 species in your first three hours here. Plenty of eBird checklists show 70-75 species in about five hours of birding.

Laguna Atascosa National Wildlife Refuge

Laguna Atascosa boasts the largest list of reported bird species of any national wildlife refuge in the nation, plus it’s also by far the largest area of protected habitat remaining in the Lower Rio Grande Valley.

In case that’s not enough to catch your attention, this area is also home to roughly 25 ocelots, with breeding pairs on the refuge. Although these small cats are mostly nocturnal, and birders are unlikely to come across one, they further highlight the conservation importance of this refuge.

Some must-see spots here for birders include:
1. The Visitor Center
2. Lakeside Drive
3. Osprey Overlook

Three hours of birding here, starting in the morning, should yield at least 45 species, while 75 species in that same time span isn’t impossible.

Potential target species:
Groove-billed Ani
Sandhill Crane
White-tailed Kaite
Buff-bellied Hummingbird
Harris’s Hawk
White-tailed Hawk
Aplomado Falcon
Tropical Kingbird
Green Jay
Long-billed Thrasher
Olive Sparrow
Altamira Oriole
Bronzed Cowbird

Entrance is $3 per vehicle, or free if you’ve purchased a current federal duck stamp.

Refuge bird tours by van are available Friday, Saturday, and Sunday from November through March. This will get you access to areas normally off limits to the public. Cost is $4 per person, call 956-244-2019 ahead of time to reserve your spot.

San Bernard National Wildlife Refuge

San Bernard is a classic Texas mega-hotspot, meaning a birder here can experience the full glory of fallout during spring migration, plus the fantastic numbers and diversity coastal winter birding offers.

The number of species you’ll see here seems to depend more on how much distance you cover and how much of the refuge you see, rather than how much time you spend birding. Cover a minimum of 3 miles and you should push past 40 species. Cover over 10 miles in a couple hours and you may break 60 or even 70 species.

San Bernard NWR Places of Interest:
1. Bobcat Wood Boardwalk, Trail, & Observation Platform
2. San Bernard Auto Tour
3. Cowtrap Marsh Trail


Potential target species:
Snow Goose
Greater White-fronted Goose
Cinnamon Teal
Common Goldeneye
Red-breasted Merganser
King Rail
Sandhill Crane
White-tailed Hawk
Bald Eagle
Sedge Wren
Boat-tailed Grackle

San Bernard is open 365 days a year. There is no entrance fee.

Mitchell Lake Audubon Center

San Antonio Pond

Located right on the edge of a major Texas city, Mitchell Lake offers an easy to access hotspot where scoring over 60 species in a full morning of birding is the norm.

For a full written birding guide with photos, check out the Mitchell Lake Audubon Center hotspot page.

Much of the birding here can be accomplished by short 10-15 minute walks, with the remainder from within the comfort of your vehicle. 

The three must see spots at Mitchell Lake are:
1. Native plant garden behind the Visitor Center
2. Bird Pond
3. The settling basins and Mitchell Lake itself

Potential target species:
Bufflehead
Least Grebe
Eared Grebe
Bonaparte’s Gull
Common Ground Dove
American White Pelican
Black-crowned Night Heron
Couch’s Kingbird
Long-billed Thrasher
Audubon’s Oriole

Rarities are often found here most winters as well. Possibilities include Surf Scoter, Common Goldeneye, Long-tailed Duck, Green-tailed Towhee, and Rusty Blackbird.

This Audubon Center is closed on Mondays.Gates open at 7am and close at 3pm.Entrance is $5 per adult.

Click here for the full birding guide.

Balmorhea Lake

West Texas Lake

This is one of the few lakes in far west Texas, and it a fantastic place to get species that are otherwise difficult to find in the state. 

When you arrive be sure to check in and pay the entrance fee at the office/bait shop. Then you’re free to drive the dirt road that surrounds most of the lake.

Nearly all birding will happen either from the perimeter road, or from the lake shore (which is usually very close to the perimeter road).

Species of interest include:
Mexican Duck
Red-breasted Merganser
Scaled Quail
Clark’s Grebe
Western Grebe
Horned Grebe
Greater Roadrunner
Chihuahuan Raven
Say’s Phoebe
Rock Wren
Black-throated Sparrow
Lark Bunting
Green-tailed Towhee
Pyrrhuloxia

Other uncommon possibilities include Common Merganser, Golden Eagle, and Ferruginous Hawk.

This lake is certainly out of the way for most people, but makes for a fantastic birding trip when combined with nearby Balmorhea State Park, Davis Mountains State Park, and the Chuhuahuan Desert Research Institute.

Need More Ideas?

Check out the Texas Hotspot Map.

Every location on there has a full birding guide with photos, and will help you have a very birdy visit where ever you choose to go.

Stay warm, and happy birding!